In response to current Israeli concerns regarding land shortage and population growth, a new type of cemetery is being build, encompassing transitions from elds burial to stacked burial; this highlight a pivotal moment where old customs face modern concerns with sustainability.
The project intention is to trigger a debate over the future of burial customs in Israel. Cemeteries distill their cultures. They are a kind of museum, which embeds both people and their stories into parcels of land. In contrast to the characteristically chaotic environments of conurbations, they exist where silence and peace prevail. During recent decades Israeli cemeteries have been constructed on the outskirts of cities, often adjacent to industrial sites. They have suffered from poor architectural qualities due to limited planning and poor attention to detail. Slowly these cemeteries have become sequestered from the people.
A monopoly run by Hevra-kadisha (Organization) is in control of 90% of all cemeteries and burial procedures in Israel. The diploma project sets out to expose the monopoly and reveal that it is not in its best interest to create high quality cemeteries for the community. In reality it feeds-off, lack in burial space which is being exploited to make large sums of money. The monopoly is thriving due to the fact that 80% of the population obey to some degree religious rules (in our case regarding burial procedures and typologies) therefore any opposition to current typologies must address issues of local traditions in order to be critically relevant.
We believe that the project outcomes will be relevant (to a degree) in different contexts, in Israel and abroad, as several issues investigated by the diploma are universal and urgent.